Jargon Guide

(By kind permission of Wyre Forest District Council, from the Adopted Site Allocations and
Policies Local Plan, 2013)

Adopted Core Strategy (2010) -this is the strategic level document within the District’s
Development Plan. It sets out the broad locations for delivering housing and other major
development needs in the District such as employment, retail and transport. It guides the
site specific policies within the Site Allocations and Policies Local Plan and the Kidderminster
Central Area Action Plan.

Adopted Local Plan (2004) - the existing planning policy document for the Wyre Forest
District, this was adopted in 2004 to guide future development within the District until 2011.
Along with the Worcestershire County Structure Plan 1996-2011 and the Hereford and
Worcester County Minerals Local Plan (1997) it constituted the Development Plan for the
Wyre Forest District and has been replaced by the Core Strategy, the Site Allocations and
Policies Local Plan and the Kidderminster Central Area Action Plan.

Affordable Housing - the District Council has adopted the definition of Affordable Housing
as set out in the NPPF. "Social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided
to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. Eligibility is determined with
regard to local incomes and local house prices. Affordable housing should include provisions
to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households or for the subsidy to be
recycled for alternative affordable housing provision. Social rented housing is owned by
local authorities and private registered providers (as defined in section 80 of the Housing
and Regeneration Act 2008), for which guideline target rents are determined through the
national rent regime. It may also be owned by other persons and provided under equivalent
rental arrangements to the above, as agreed with the local authority or with the Homes and
Communities Agency. Affordable rented housing is let by local authorities or private
registered providers of social housing to households who are eligible for social rented
housing. Affordable Rent is subject to rent controls that require a rent of no more than 80%
of the local market rent (including service charges, where applicable). Intermediate housing
is homes for sale and rent provided at a cost above social rent, but below market rent levels
subject to the criteria in the Affordable Housing definition above. These can include shared
equity (shared ownership and equity loans), other low cost homes for sale and intermediate
rent, but not affordable rented housing. Homes that do not meet the above definition of
affordable housing, such as 'low cost market'' housing, may not be considered as affordable
housing for planning purposes."

Air Quality Management Area (AQMA) - areas designated by Wyre Forest District Council
where the level of pollutant concentrations in the atmosphere results in the air quality not
meeting the objectives set out by central government in 2005.

Annual Monitoring Report (AMR) - an annually produced document which sets out the
progress made in achieving the timetable set out in the Local Development Scheme (now
referred to as the Project Plan) as well as measuring the effectiveness of the development
plan policies.

Areas of Development Restraint (ADR) (also referred to as Safeguarded Land) - land which
lies between the urban area and the Green Belt which is identified to meet longer term
development needs stretching well beyond the plan period. Safeguarded land is not
allocated for development at the present time and planning permission should only be
granted for such land following a Local Plan review which proposes development. Until
areas of safeguarded land are identified for development, Green Belt policies apply to them.
Chalets – these are buildings, also sometimes referred to as shacks, which are primarily
constructed of materials of less than average permanency and used for residential
occupation.

Climate Change - long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, wind and all other
aspects of the Earth’s climate. Often regarded as a result of human activity and fossil fuel
consumption.

Code for Sustainable Homes - a new national best practice standard for sustainable design
and construction of new homes. Level 6 of the Code is equivalent to zero carbon.
Community Facilities - facilities which provide for the health, welfare, social, educational,
spiritual, recreational, leisure and cultural needs of the community.

Comparison Floorspace - refers to the floor space for comparison goods, which are items
that are not obtained on a frequent basis. These include clothing, footwear, household and
recreational goods.

Conservation Area - an area of special architectural or historic interest, the character or
appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.

Designated heritage asset – a World Heritage Site, Scheduled Monument, Listed Building,
Protected Wreck Site, Registered Park and Garden, Registered Battlefield or Conservation
Area designated under the relevant legislation.

Developer Contributions - developer contributions are often required for major
developments to ensure sufficient provision is made for infrastructure and services such as
roads, schools, healthcare and other facilities. Contributions are usually secured through
planning conditions or legal agreements (often referred to as planning obligations or Section
106 agreements).

Development Plan- the Development Plan for the District comprises of the Core Strategy,
the Site Allocations and Policies Local Plan and the Kidderminster Central Area Action Plan.
Neighbourhood Plans will also form part of the Development Plan, once adopted.

Evidence Base - the information and data gathered by local authorities to justify the
‘soundness’ of the policy approach set out in Local Development Documents, including the
physical, economic and social characteristics of an area.

Flood Risk Assessment - an assessment of the likelihood of flooding in a particular area so
that development needs and mitigation measures can be carefully considered.

Geodiversity - the range of rocks, fossils, minerals, soils, landforms and natural processes
that go to make up the Earth's landscape and structure.

Green Belt Land - land which is situated between urban areas on which development is
restricted so as to ensure urban sprawl – the uncontrolled, unplanned growth of urban
areas – does not occur.

Green Infrastructure - the living network of green spaces, water and environmental systems
in, around and beyond urban areas. This also includes blue infrastructure (e.g. Canals and
Rivers).

Greenfield Land - land which has never been developed; this includes greenbelt land and
areas of open countryside, as well as undeveloped land within urban areas.

Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment (GTAA) - the purpose of this assessment
is to provide information on the accommodation needs of Gypsies and Travellers in order
ascertain what the appropriate number, type and distribution of additional pitches need to
be provided within the area.

Habitats Regulations Assessment (HRA) - tests the impacts of a proposal on nature
conservation sites of European importance, and is a requirement under EU legislation for
land use plans and projects.

Heritage - a general term used to refer to historical and archaeological features, buildings
and monuments which are of local, regional or national interest.

Heritage Asset -a building, monument, site, place, area or landscape identified as having a
degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions, because of its heritage
interest. Heritage asset includes designated heritage assets and assets identified by the local
planning authority (including local listing).

Historic Environment – All aspects of the environment resulting from the interaction
between people and places through time, including all surviving physical remains of past
human activity, whether visible, buried or submerged, and landscaped and plated or
managed flora.

Horsiculture - the commercial development of the countryside for pasturing or exercising
horses.

Infrastructure - basic services necessary for development to take place; for example, roads,
electricity, sewerage, water, education and health facilities.

Landscape Character Assessment (LCA) - an assessment of landscape character which is
defined as ‘a distinct, recognisable, and consistent pattern of elements in the landscape
which makes one landscape different from another'.

Lifetime Homes Standard - criteria developed by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation in 1991
to help house builders to produce new homes flexible enough to deal with changes in life
situations of the occupants such as caring for young children, temporary injuries and
declining mobility with age.

Listed Building - a building of special architectural or historic interest. Listed buildings are
graded I, II* or II, with grade I being the highest. Listing includes the interior as well as the
exterior of the building and any buildings or permanent structures within its curtilage.

Live/Work - is defined as property that is specifically designed for dual use, combining both
residential and employment space. It is regarded as sui generis use. Live/work units are dual
use but are functionally different and therefore each element should involve separate
entrances, kitchens and toilet facilities.

Local Development Scheme (LDS) - a three year timetable setting out the type of
Development Plans to be produced and the key milestones for their development. Now
referred to as a Project Plan.

Local Heritage List - the Local Heritage List identifies those heritage assets that are not
protected by statutory designations. Their local interest could be related to the social and
economic history of the area, individuals of local importance. The Local Heritage List is not
restricted to buildings. It may comprise sites, places or areas such as village greens or ponds.
Local Needs Housing - including affordable housing and market housing which addresses
the established* needs of different groups in the community such as but not limited to,
families with children, older people, people with disabilities, service families and people
wishing to build their own homes.(*through Parish Housing Needs Surveys, Neighbourhood
Plans and Local Housing Waiting Lists).

Local Plans (LPs) - the collective term given to all statutory documents that form the
Development Plan for the District. These comprise of the Core Strategy, Site Allocations and
Policies, Kidderminster Central Area Action Plan and a Policies Map.

Major Developments - major developments include; Residential development
compromising at least 10 dwellings or a site area of at least 1 hectare if the number of
dwellings is not specified. Other uses where the floor space to be built is greater than 1,000
square metres or the site area is at least 1 hectare in size.

National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) - the document which sets out the
Government’s planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied. It
provides a framework within which local people and their accountable councils can produce
their own distinctive local and neighbourhood plans, which reflect the needs and priorities
of their communities. The NPPF must be taken into account in the preparation of local and
neighbourhood plans, and is a material consideration in decisions on planning applications.
Natural England - Natural England works for people, places and nature to conserve and
enhance biodiversity, landscapes and wildlife in rural, urban, coastal and marine areas.

Open Space - all space of public value, which can offer opportunities for sport and
recreation or can also act as a visual amenity and a haven for wildlife. Areas of open space
include public landscaped areas, playing fields, parks and play areas, and also areas of water
such as rivers, canals, lakes and reservoirs.

Original Dwelling - an original dwelling is one as it existed on 1st July, 1948, or if
constructed after 1 July 1948, as it was built originally.

Outfarms - farm buildings set within the fields, away from the main farmstead. They were
typically sited in areas where farmsteads and fields were sited at a long distance from each
other and allowed functions, normally carried out in the farmstead, to be undertaken
remotely, including the processing and storage of crops, the housing of animals and the
production of manure. Outfarms can range from full courtyard plans to small, single
buildings standing in a field (also referred to as Field Barns).

Parish Plans - these reflect the planning issues present at a local level in the rural areas of
the District. These plans carry no weight in the planning system but are designed to inform
the District Council of local planning issues.

Previously Developed Land (PDL) - land which is, or was occupied by a permanent structure,
including the curtilage of the developed land (although it should not be assumed that the
whole of the cartilage should be developed) and any associated fixed surface infrastructure.
This excludes: land that is or has been occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings; land
that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal by landfill purposes
where provision for restoration has been made through development control procedures;
land in built-up areas such as private residential gardens, parks, recreation grounds and
allotments; and land that was previously-developed but where the remains of the
permanent structure or fixed surface structure have blended into the landscape in the
process of time.

Rural Exception Sites-small sites for the provision of affordable housing in perpetuity or to
meet another specific identified local housing need (as evidenced through the Parish
Housing Needs Survey, Neighbourhood Plan or the Council’s Adopted Local Connections
Policy), at locations which would not normally be used for housing. Rural exception sites
seek to address the needs of the local community by accommodating households who are
either current residents or have an existing family or employment connection. Small
numbers of market homes may be allowed at the local authority’s discretion, for example
where essential to enable the delivery of affordable units without grant funding.
Scheduled Monument - a 'nationally important' archaeological site or historic building,
given protection against unauthorised change.

Significance (for heritage policy) – The value of a heritage asset to this and future
generations because of its heritage interest. That interest may be archaeological,
architectural, artistic or historic. Significance derives not only from a heritage asset’s
physical presence, but also from its setting.

Significant Trees - those trees which are protected by Tree Preservation Orders or which are
important to local character.

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) - a specifically defined area within which protection
is afforded to ecological or geological features. Sites are officially notified by Natural
England.

Strategic Centres - there are 25 town centres in the West Midlands region that are defined
in the former Regional Spatial Strategy as ‘Strategic Centres’ and recognised for their crucial
role in meeting the shopping and commercial needs of the region. Kidderminster is one of
only three Worcestershire centres recognised in this way (together with Worcester City and
Redditch).

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA) - collates information on all known sources of
flooding that may affect existing or future development within the District. Such sources
include river, surface water (local drainage), sewers and groundwater. In collecting this
information, the SFRA identifies and maps areas that have a ‘low’, ‘medium’ and ‘high’
probability of flooding within the Wyre Forest, in accordance with National Policy. This
information is used in the site selection process and also informs the Sustainability
Appraisal.

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (SHLAA) - the primary role of the SHLAA is
to identify sites with potential for housing, assess their housing potential and assess when
they are likely to be developed.

Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA) - the SHMA is an assessment of housing
market influences, current and future housing demand issues, impacts of past and planned
housing supply and the impacts of economic and demographic changes.

Supplementary Planning Documents (SPDs) - provide additional information to guide and
support the Development Plan.

Sustainable Communities - sustainable communities are places where people want to live
and work, now and in the future. They meet the diverse needs of existing and future
residents, are sensitive to their environment, and contribute to a high quality of life. They
are safe and inclusive, well planned, built and run, and offer equality of opportunity and
good services for all.
(See Communities and Local Government website (www.communities.gov.uk)

Sustainable Community Strategy - the Sustainable Community Strategy 2008-2014 brings
together the concerns of Wyre Forest communities under six main themes which the
Council and its partners need to focus their efforts on in order to improve the social,
economic and environmental wellbeing of the District. These are: - Communities that are
safe and feel safe; A Better Environment for Today and Tomorrow; Economic Success
Shared By All; Improving Health & Wellbeing; Meeting the Needs of Children and Young
People and Stronger Communities. These themes will be addressed through the Adopted
Core Strategy.

Sustainable Drainage Systems (SUDS) - an environmentally friendly way of dealing with
surface water run-off which increases the time taken for surface water to reach
watercourses, thereby reducing flash flooding.

Sustainability Appraisal (SA) - the purpose of SA is to ensure that the Development Plan and
associated Supplementary Planning Documents (SPDs) conform to the Government
principles of Sustainable Development which are: Living within environmental limits;
Ensuring a strong, healthy and just society; Achieving a sustainable economy; Promoting
good governance; and Using sound science responsibly.

Water Cycle Strategy - this assesses the constraints and requirements that may arise from
the scale of the proposed development on the water infrastructure in the District. The
report focuses on potential development sites and assesses flood risk, water supply,
sewerage infrastructure, wastewater treatment, and river quality and demand management
measures. These are discussed in more general terms.

Waterways - navigable watercourses encompassing canals, navigable rivers and reservoirs.
West Midlands Sustainability Checklist - this is an easy-to-use online tool that identifies a
range of different economic, social and environmental sustainability issues covered in
National Guidance and the former West Midlands Regional Spatial Strategy. It enables users
to assess to what extent a development site proposal will deliver on the different aspects of
sustainability.

Windfall Site - a site not specifically allocated for development in a development plan, but
which unexpectedly becomes available for development during the lifetime of a plan. Most
windfall sites are for housing.

Worcestershire Local Transport Plan 3 (LTP3) 2011-2026 - sets out Worcestershire’s
transport strategy, as well as identifying major long-term transportation pressures on the
County.

Previous page: Business Questionnaire